Sensitive Teeth

Your teeth expand and contract in reaction to changes in temperature. Hot and cold food and beverages can cause pain or irritation to people with sensitive teeth.  Over time, tooth enamel can be worn down, gums may recede or teeth may develop microscopic cracks, exposing the interior of the tooth and irritating nerve endings.  Just breathing cold air can be painful for those with extremely sensitive teeth.

Gum Disease

Gum, or periodontal disease can cause inflammation, tooth loss and bone damage.  Gum disease begins with a sticky film of bacteria called plaque.  Gums in the early stage of disease, or gingivitis, can bleed easily and become red and swollen.  As the disease progresses to periodontitis, teeth may fall out or need to be removed by a dentist.  Gum disease is highly preventable and can usually be avoided by daily brushing and flossing.  One indicator of gum disease is consistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth (yuck!)

Canker Sores

Canker sores (aphthous ulcers) are small sores inside the mouth that often recur.  Generally lasting one or two weeks, the duration of canker sores can be reduced by the use of antimicrobial mouthwashes or topical agents.  The canker sore has a white or gray base surrounded by a red border.

Orthodontic Problems

A bite that does not meet properly (a malocclusion) can be inherited or just simply acquired.  Some causes of malocclusion include missing or extra teeth, crowded teeth or misaligned jaws.  Accidents or developmental issues, such as finger or thumb sucking over an extended period of time, may cause malocclusions.


Do you questions about these or any other problems?  Please ask our dentist at your child’s appointment!